There are a lot of misconceptions about Mormons and birth control. Contrary to popular belief, we are not taught to have as many babies has humanly possible or to never use birth control. We believe sex has two purposes – for procreating and for bringing husband and wife closer together.
We do believe it is important to have children. In fact, we consider it a commandment as God directed Adam and Eve to multiply and replenish the earth. We should not prevent children from being born when the Spirit directs. Putting them off for selfish reasons is also discouraged and the excuse of not having enough money is questionable as it is a matter of faith and wants can easily be justified as needs. There is a difference between having no food to put on the table or lack of plane tickets for that trip to Hawaii you’ve been wanting to take. Either way, we believe people are blessed for their obedience in this regard and a couple could wait their whole lives waiting for the right time, missing the boat in the process.
The decision of how many children to have and when is between the couple and the Lord and should be done prayerfully. The health of the mother can certainly be considered as well as her mental health. Those considering making themselves sterile through various procedures should not make this decision lightly.
Furthermore, we should avoid judging those who have no children or put it off for a while as we have no idea what their struggles may be, and vice versa – those who are perceived as having too many children, we are not privy to their personal revelation they have been given. We consider children to be a wonderful gift from our Heavenly Father, not a burden as they are frequently portrayed. We believe babies are free from sin, making them especially precious.
That said, abortion is in a different class entirely, being considered next to murder in the doctrines of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (often inadvertently called the Mormon Church). Abortion should only be undertaken in cases of rape, incest, or danger to the life of the mother, and then only after fervent prayer and counsel with church leaders.